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Move Scripts Tutorial

Move Scripts

This tutorial explains how to write and execute a Move script. You can use Move scripts to execute a series of commands across published Move module interfaces.

For more information about scripts, see the Move scripts docs

Example use case

The following example calls functions on the aptos_coin.move module to confirm the balance of the destination account is less than desired_balance, and if so, tops it up to desired_balance.

script {
    use std::signer;
    use aptos_framework::aptos_account;
    use aptos_framework::aptos_coin;
    use aptos_framework::coin;
    fun main(src: &signer, dest: address, desired_balance: u64) {
        let src_addr = signer::address_of(src);
        let balance = coin::balance<aptos_coin::AptosCoin>(src_addr);
        if (balance < desired_balance) {
            aptos_account::transfer(src, dest, desired_balance - balance);


Now that you know what you would like to accomplish, you need to determine:

  • Where do I put these files?
  • What do I name them?
  • Do I need a Move.toml?
  • How do I run my script with the CLI?

Let us run through how to execute a Move script with a step-by-step example using the Aptos CLI.

  1. Make a new directory for your work:

    mkdir testing
    cd testing
  2. Set up the Aptos CLI and create an account:

    aptos init --network devnet

    You may reuse an existing private key (which looks like this: 0xbd944102bf5b5dfafa7fe865d8fa719da6a1f0eafa3cd600f93385482d2c37a4), or it can generate a new one for you, as part of setting up your account. Let’s say your account looks like the example below:

        private_key: "0xbd944102bf5b5dfafa7fe865d8fa719da6a1f0eafa3cd600f93385482d2c37a4"
        public_key: "0x47673ec83bb254cc9a8bfdb31846daacd0c96fe41f81855462f5fc5306312b1b"
        account: cb265645385819f3dbe71aac266e319e7f77aed252cacf2930b68102828bf615
        rest_url: ""
        faucet_url: ""
  3. From this same directory, initialize a new Move project:

    aptos move init --name run_script
  4. Create a my_script.move file containing the example script above in a sources/ subdirectory of your testing/ directory. Also, create a my_module.move file as seen in the example below:

    module addr::my_module {
        public entry fun do_nothing() { }

    This results in the following file structure:

    • Move.toml
      • my_script.move
      • my_module.move
    1. Compile the script:

      $ aptos move compile --named-addresses addr=cb265645385819f3dbe71aac266e319e7f77aed252cacf2930b68102828bf615
      Compiling, may take a little while to download git dependencies...
      BUILDING run_script
        "Result": [

      Note how we use the --named-addresses argument. This is necessary because in the code we refer to this named address called addr. The compiler needs to know what this refers to. Instead of using this CLI argument, you could put something like this in your Move.toml:

      addr = "cb265645385819f3dbe71aac266e319e7f77aed252cacf2930b68102828bf615"
    2. Run the compiled script:

      $ aptos move run-script --compiled-script-path build/run_script/bytecode_scripts/ --args address:b078d693856a65401d492f99ca0d6a29a0c5c0e371bc2521570a86e40d95f823 --args u64:5
      Do you want to submit a transaction for a range of [17000 - 25500] Octas at a gas unit price of 100 Octas? [yes/no] >
        "Result": {
          "transaction_hash": "0xa6ca6275c73f82638b88a830015ab81734a533aebd36cc4647b48ff342434cdf",
          "gas_used": 3,
          "gas_unit_price": 100,
          "sender": "cb265645385819f3dbe71aac266e319e7f77aed252cacf2930b68102828bf615",
          "sequence_number": 4,
          "success": true,
          "timestamp_us": 1683030933803632,
          "version": 3347495,
          "vm_status": "Executed successfully"

    Note that the path of the compiled script is under build/run_script/, not build/my_script/. This is because it uses the name of the project contained in Move.toml, which is run_script from when we ran aptos move init --name run_script.

    See the code used for this document. The full example explains how to use a Move script that relies on a user-created Move module as well.

    See also how to do this with the Rust SDK instead of the Aptos CLI in Aptos Developer Discussions.


    You may execute a script in a more streamlined fashion; instead of running aptos move compile and then aptos move run-script --compiled-script-path separately, you can just do this:

    $ aptos move run-script --script-path sources/my_script.move --args address:b078d693856a65401d492f99ca0d6a29a0c5c0e371bc2521570a86e40d95f823 --args u64:5

    This will conduct both steps with a single CLI command yet has issues. For this reason, we recommend using the previous two-step approach for now.