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Building and Sending Transactions

Building and Sending Transactions

Kaptos boasts an expressive and type-safe DSL-style API for building and sending transactions on-chain. This guide will walk you through the process of building and sending transactions using Kaptos.

The typical flow for sending a transaction is as follows:

  1. Create an account (if you don’t already have one).
  2. Build the transaction.
  3. Sign the transaction.
  4. Submit the transaction.

Create an Account

To create a new account, you first generate new credentials then fund the account. On test networks, you can fund an account programmatically by asking a “faucet”.

val aliceAccount = Account.generate()
val bobAccount = Account.generate()


If you have a private key, you can use it to create an Account object to manage those credentials.

val privateKey = Ed25519PrivateKey("myEd25519privatekeystring")
val account = Account.fromPrivateKey(privateKey)

Build the Transaction

Kaptos provides a buildTransaction.simple method to build a transaction. You can specify the sender, entry function data like the function name, type arguments, and function arguments. You can also configure the transaction with the gas price and maximum gas amount. However, reasonable defaults are provided for these values in case you don’t specify them.

val txn = aptos.buildTransaction.simple(
    sender = aliceAccount.accountAddress,
    data = inputEntryFunctionData {
        function = "0x1::coin::transfer"
        typeArguments = typeArguments {
            +TypeTagStruct(type = "0x1::aptos_coin::AptosCoin".toStructTag())
        functionArguments = functionArguments {

Sign the Transaction

Once you have built a transaction, you can sign it using the sign method.

  val aliceAuthenticator = aptos.sign(
      sender = aliceAccount,
      transaction = txn,

Submit the Transaction

Finally, you can submit the transaction to the network using the submit method.

val commitedTransaction = aptos.submitTransaction.simple(
      transaction = signedTransaction,
      senderAuthenticator = aliceAuthenticator,

You can collapse the signing and submitting steps into one by using the signAndSubmitTransaction method.

val executedTransaction = aptos.signAndSubmitTransaction(
      signer = aliceAccount,
      transaction = commitedTransaction,

Wait for the Transaction to Execute

Then you can wait for the transaction to be executed by using the waitForTransaction method.

val executedTransaction = aptos.waitForTransaction(HexInput.fromString(commitedTransaction.expect("Transaction failed").hash))

Full Kotlin Example

The following is a complete example of how to build and send a transaction to transfer APT:

 * This example shows how to use the Aptos SDK to send a transaction.
 * Don't forget to add the Kaptos dependency to your project before running this example!
import xyz.mcxross.kaptos.Aptos
import xyz.mcxross.kaptos.core.account.Account
import xyz.mcxross.kaptos.extension.asAccountAddress
import xyz.mcxross.kaptos.extension.asPrivateKey
import xyz.mcxross.kaptos.extension.toStructTag
import xyz.mcxross.kaptos.model.*
const val FUNDING_AMOUNT = 1_000_000_000L
const val SEND_AMOUNT = 100_000_000UL
val aptos = Aptos()
  // Let's create a private key from a hex string
val alicePrivateKey = "0x1893cc5626444a03978480882de32faf9a820afb31b8075159dda107db1b470d".asPrivateKey()
  // And now that we have a private key, let's create an account from it
val aliceAccount = Account from alicePrivateKey
  // Assuming we have an account, let's check the balance
val aliceInitialBalance = when (val aliceInitialBalance = aptos.getAccountAPTAmount(aliceAccount.accountAddress)) {
      is Option.None -> throw IllegalStateException("Alice's account does not exist")
      is Option.Some -> aliceInitialBalance.expect("Alice's account does not exist")
println("Alice's initial balance: $aliceInitialBalance")
    "Bob's initial balance: ${aptos.getAccountAPTAmount("0x088698359f12ef2b19ba3bda04e129173d0672b5de8d77ce9e8eb0a149c23f04".asAccountAddress()).expect("Bob's account does not exist")}"
  // Yes, we have an account, but let's see if we need to fund it
  if (aliceInitialBalance < SEND_AMOUNT.toLong() + 1_000) {
    aptos.fundAccount(aliceAccount.accountAddress, FUNDING_AMOUNT)
      "Alice's new balance after funding: ${aptos.getAccountAPTAmount(aliceAccount.accountAddress)}"
val bobAccountAddress = "0x088698359f12ef2b19ba3bda04e129173d0672b5de8d77ce9e8eb0a149c23f04".asAccountAddress()
println("Building transaction to send ${SEND_AMOUNT / 100_000_000u} APT to Bob: $bobAccountAddress")
val txn = aptos.buildTransaction.simple(
      sender = aliceAccount.accountAddress,
      data =
        inputEntryFunctionData {
          function = "0x1::coin::transfer"
          typeArguments = typeArguments {
            +TypeTagStruct(type = "0x1::aptos_coin::AptosCoin".toStructTag())
          functionArguments = functionArguments {
  // Sign and submit the transaction
val commitedTransaction = aptos.signAndSubmitTransaction(aliceAccount, txn)
val executedTransaction =
    aptos.waitForTransaction(HexInput.fromString(commitedTransaction.expect("Transaction failed").hash))